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A new law signed by President Obama on November 27 benefits human infants born very early, scientists hoping to conduct pediatric research, and retired research chimpanzees. The latter 2 elements were added to the Prematurity Research Expansion and Education for Mothers Who Deliver Infants Early (PREEMIE) Act when Congress lumped all these provisions into the bill.
The new law reauthorizes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s research and programs on preterm birth and reauthorizes programs at the Health Resources and Services Administration aimed at improving the treatment and outcome for infants born prematurely. Pediatric research should also get a boost in the law through the creation of a national pediatric research network designed to encourage collaboration among researchers and optimize pediatric research.
Mitka M. Preemies, Pediatric Research, Retired Chimps to Benefit From New Law. JAMA. 2014;311(2):128. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.285184