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Global Health
January 15, 2014

HIV Cases Are Increasing in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

JAMA. 2014;311(3):235. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.285814

Although AIDS cases have decreased steadily in Western Europe in the last several years, the number of people newly diagnosed with AIDS is increasing in the eastern part of the World Health Organization (WHO) European region, which includes many former Soviet republics.

This finding reflects new data issued by the WHO’s European office and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (http://bit.ly/1gC7PWL).

More than 131 000 new cases of HIV infection have been reported in the WHO European region in 2012, 10 000 more than in 2011, with most cases occurring in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The increase is linked to a lack of prevention measures, including free condoms for sex workers and gay men and clean needles for drug users, for people at high risk of contracting HIV. Late diagnosis, low treatment coverage, and delayed initiation of HIV treatment also contribute to the increasing numbers. The report said more testing and better treatment coverage are recommended.

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