Neuro-ophthalmology is the subspecialty of medicine concerned with visual disturbances related to the nervous system. Most neuro-ophthalmologists are neurologists or ophthalmologists who have done additional fellowship training in this particular area of study. Typical neuro-ophthalmologic problems include transient visual loss, diplopia, nystagmus, optic neuritis, papilledema, visual field defects, Graves disease, ptosis, and anisocoria. Neuro-ophthalmologists usually receive referrals from general ophthalmologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, and endocrinologists caring for patients with pituitary tumors and thyroid disease.
Jay WM. Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology: A Practical Guide. JAMA. 2008;299(19):2332-2333. doi:10.1001/jama.299.19.2332