The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
He was born Emmanuel Radnitzky (1890-1976) in 1890s Philadelphia, raised in Brooklyn and New Jersey, and by age 21 was working in Manhattan as a commercial artist. Evenings he took classes that were under the direction of George Bellows and Robert Henri. Increasingly drawn to modern art, he began frequenting 291, the Fifth Avenue gallery of photographer Alfred Stieglitz. There he made the acquaintance of works by such European avant-garde artists as Rodin, Picasso, and Braque. The watershed Armory Show held in New York in 1913 sealed his destiny. He became a fan of the works of Cézanne and a friend and associate of Dadaist Marcel Duchamp. Except for the intervention of World War I, he would have moved immediately to Paris. As it happened, he was able to move only in 1921.
Southgate MT. Ridgefield Landscape. JAMA. 2008;299(20):2365. doi:10.1001/jama.299.20.2365