The needs of critically ill and injured children are vastly different from those of their adult counterparts, as emphasized by the well-known and oft-repeated adage “children are not miniature adults.” The specialized needs of critically ill and injured children were further recognized by the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) with the creation of formal subspecialty certification in the field of pediatric critical care medicine in 1987 and by the ABP and the American Board of Emergency Medicine with the creation of subspecialty certification in pediatric emergency medicine in 1991.
Wheeler DS. Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Procedures. JAMA. 2008;300(1):104-105. doi:10.1001/jama.300.1.104