Over the next 18 months, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) plans to implement several changes to improve the system of peer review the agency uses to evaluate and award grants to researchers (http://enhancing-peer-review.nih.gov/calendar.html).
The overhaul will be based in part on recommendations from a pair of advisory committees as well as comments from individuals at the NIH and from the wider scientific community. Speeding the granting process, engaging the best reviewers, and boosting funding to high-impact research are among the priorities of the effort. Also, a system will be established to increase funds given to new grantees and investigators at early stages in their careers.
Peer Review Revamp. JAMA. 2008;300(4):386. doi:10.1001/jama.2008.89