An innovator in the Dada and Cubist movements, Morton Livingston Schamberg (1881-1918) made considerable contributions to abstract art in the early 1900s. He was one of the founding artists who worked to develop these nontraditional styles of art, which appeared first in Paris in 1907 and then in the United States in 1913. Schamberg's innovations include Dada constructions such as a plumbing trap attached to a mitre box entitled God, circa 1917; paintings of machine forms such as Composition, 1916; an early Cubist stage set, 1916; and industrial scenes with simplified forms and smooth finishes, later termed Precisionism, such as Painting VIII (Mechanical Abstraction), 1916.
Quaranta KM. Telephone. JAMA. 2008;300(8):880. doi:10.1001/jama.300.8.880