Author Affiliation: Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.
In 1964, the legendary director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), James Augustine Shannon, convinced Congress to authorize the creation and funding of the Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP).1 Following peer review, the first awards were made to 3 academic medical centers. The goal of the MSTP was (and is) to encourage training of physician-scientists by providing NIH funds to institutions and by offering full scholarships to a small group of unusually committed medical students interested in pursuing MD and PhD degrees in parallel.
Rosenberg LE. MD/PhD Programs—A Call for an Accounting. JAMA. 2008;300(10):1208-1209. doi:10.1001/jama.300.10.1208