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February 12, 2014

From JAMA’s Daily News Site

JAMA. 2014;311(6):563. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.247

An early sign of autism—declining eye contact—may be detected in infants as young as just a few months old, according to a recent study.

Researchers studied 110 infants, about half who were at high risk of developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and half who were at low risk. The investigators used eye-tracking equipment to measure the infants’ visual scanning. Infants who eventually were diagnosed with ASD had declining eye contact beginning at the age of 2 months. By age 2 years, their ability to make eye contact was about half that of children who didn’t develop ASD.

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