Patients and their physicians work collaboratively to make medical decisions. Typically, they review a number of options and ultimately settle on a preferred choice. In some cases the choice is clear, such as applying a cast for a fractured radius. However, in many clinical situations, several options are reasonable. In such cases, patients may consult with health care professionals, family members, and friends to help guide their decisions. Medical training has traditionally emphasized pathophysiology, clinical evidence, and communication skills to prepare physicians for the numerous decisions they will help patients make.
Verma AA, Razak F, Detsky AS. Understanding ChoiceWhy Physicians Should Learn Prospect Theory. JAMA. 2014;311(6):571-572. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.285245