More than 90% of adolescents and adults in the United States consume more than the recommended amount of sodium, putting them at potential high risk of hypertension.
The Institute of Medicine has defined excess sodium intake as more than 1500 mg/d for children aged 1 to 3 years, 1900 mg daily for 4- to 8-year-olds, 2200 mg/d for those aged 9 to 13 years, and 2300 mg daily for teens and adults aged 14 years or older.
Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), investigators examined the usual amounts of sodium that 34 916 participants at least 1 year old consumed during 2003 to 2010. The analysis, published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, showed that during 2007 to 2010, about 8 of 10 children aged 1 to 3 years and 9 of 10 US residents 4 years old or older consumed excess sodium. The prevalence of excess sodium intake among children aged 1 to 13 years decreased slightly after 2003 to 2006, but a similar pattern didn’t emerge among adolescents and adults.
US Sodium Intake Still Too High. JAMA. 2014;311(6):565. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.235