Medical News & Perspectives
December 3, 2008

Report Notes Increase in Kidney Disease

JAMA. 2008;300(21):2473-2474. doi:10.1001/jama.2008.718

After leveling off for a few years, the rate of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has begun to climb again in the United States.

The US Renal Data System 2008 Annual Data Report: Atlas of Chronic Kidney Disease and End-State Renal Disease (available online at reported 110 851 new cases of ESRD in 2006, which translates to an incidence rate of 360 new cases per 1 million people, a 3.4% increase from 2005. In 2006, more than 500 000 individuals in the United States had ESRD, with about 70% on dialysis and more than 18 000 receiving a kidney transplant.

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