The year 2008 marked the 150th anniversary of the publication of Gray's Anatomy. It was also the year when the 40th edition of this classic was released. When Henry Gray and Henry Vandyke Carter published their book, which they titled Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical, it represented a change in the way anatomy texts were written and illustrated. As described in the Historical Introduction of this edition, they married written description to large, clear, well-labeled illustrations in a way that had not been done before. The model was a success, copied by many others such as Cunningham, Morris, and Buchanan in the United Kingdom and Gerrish and Piersol in the United States, as well as a number of authors writing in other languages. However, almost all of those other texts have disappeared; of the English-language books, only Gray's Anatomy remains in print.
Hirsch BE. Gray’s Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. JAMA. 2009;301(17):1825-1831. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.594