A simple eight-week educational program significantly lowered cholesterol levels of elementary schoolchildren with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, according to a National Institute of Nursing Research–sponsored study (Pediatrics. 1998;102:371-380).
The study involved 422 third- and fourth-graders with at least two CVD risk factors: low aerobic power (indicating physical inactivity) and either high serum cholesterol level or obesity. The children, from 18 schools across the state, were divided into three groups: a classroom-based intervention group, a risk-based intervention group (involving small groups of children with CVD risk factors), or a control group.
Stephenson J. Reducing Childhood CVD Risks. JAMA. 1998;280(11):957. doi:10.1001/jama.280.11.957-JHA80007-2-1