Addis Ababa, Ethiopia—Nearly a decade after its national AIDS control program collapsed in the transition from a centralized, military government to regional, democratic rule, Ethiopia is attempting to rebuild its forces in the fight against HIV.
The effort comes none too soon. According to the United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), 22.5 million of the world's 33.4 million people with HIV infection or AIDS are living in sub-Saharan Africa. Of 44 nations that comprise the bulk of sub-Saharan Africa, UNAIDS ranks Ethiopia 16th in adult HIV/AIDS prevalence, with 9.3% of its 15- to 49-year-old population infected.
Voelker R. An Ancient Nation Braces to Fight AIDS. JAMA. 2000;283(5):593-595. doi:10.1001/jama.283.5.593-JMN0202-3-1