Harriet S.MeyerMD, Contributing EditorDavid H.MorseMS, Journal Review EditorRobertHoganMD, adviser for new media
The story of Luc Montagnier is an intriguing one. He and his coworkers in Paris discovered HIV-1, the single most important cause of AIDS, and HIV-2, the less virulent and less transmissible variant of this group of human viruses. After the initial virus discovery Montagnier always distanced himself somewhat from those who claim that HIV was not only necessary but also sufficient to cause AIDS. Montagnier and the Pasteur team had discovered HIV in the blood of people with AIDS and people at risk for AIDS, but most researchers would agree that it was Gallo and his coworkers who first showed the strong correlation between AIDS and HIV by demonstrating the significant difference in number of virus isolations and seroprevalence between people at high vs low risk for AIDS.
HIVVirus: The Co-discoverer of HIV Tracks Its Rampage and Charts the Future. JAMA. 2001;285(5):657-658. doi:10.1001/jama.285.5.657-JBK0207-3-1