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Overall mortality rates for adults with celiac disease are twice those of the general population, but early diagnosis and strict adherence to a gluten-free diet can help prevent early death, according to a multicenter study by Italian investigators, reported in the August 4 issue of Lancet.
The prospective cohort study involved 1072 adult patients with celiac disease consecutively diagnosed between 1962 and 1994. By the end of 1998, 53 patients died, more than twice the expected number of deaths, with non-Hodgkin lymphoma the main cause of death.
Stephenson J. Celiac Disease Deaths. JAMA. 2001;286(10):1167. doi:10.1001/jama.286.10.1167-JWM10009-2-1