Harriet S.MeyerMD, Contributing EditorDavid H.MorseMS, Journal Review EditorRobertHoganMD, adviser for new media
On Palm Sunday, March 29, 1461, the two armies met on a field south of the village of Towton, in Yorkshire. There, they fought the climactic battle of the Wars of the Roses—the long, bitter war contesting the succession to the throne of England. The Yorkists stood assembled to the south of the field; the Lancastrians to the north. The armies' leaders had lost fathers, brothers, and sons in earlier battles. Whoever lost the battle would be outlawed, to lose his lands and probably his life. No quarter would be given: the armies would fight to the death.
HistoryBlood Red Roses: The Archaeology of a Mass Grave From the Battle of Towton AD 1461. JAMA. 2001;286(21):2741-2742. doi:10.1001/jama.286.21.2741-JBK1205-4-1