After the Institute of Medicine (IOM) jolted the US health care industry in 1999 with a report that indicated as many as 98 000 people die each year from medical errors, a dizzying array of new patient safety programs cropped up around the country. New task forces, patient safety standards, and training programs emerged from national organizations including the American Hospital Association, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, and the US Department of Health and Human Services.
Voelker R. Hospital Collaborative Creates Tools to Help Reduce Medication Errors. JAMA. 2001;286(24):3067-3069. doi:10.1001/jama.286.24.3067-JMN1226-2-1