The lower percentage of African American women who breastfeed their infants compared with white women accounts for the race gap in US infant mortality at least as much as low birth weight, said researchers at Brigham Young University (BYU), Provo, Utah, in the August issue of Pediatrics.
Using statistical models to analyze survey results collected from more than 1000 women with children 18 months or younger in the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, they found that 30% of African American women had breastfed their infants compared with 65% of white women.
Mitka M. African Americans and Breastfeeding. JAMA. 2001;286(8):909. doi:10.1001/jama.286.8.909-JQU10007-3-1