The aftermath of September 11 in New York City apparently triggered depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in thousands of Manhattan residents. A telephone survey conducted in October found that nearly 14% of respondents reported symptoms meeting criteria for PTSD or depression, a prevalence two to three times normal.
Residents of the borough who lost friends, relatives, or possessions in the attack were more likely to report symptoms, while those living south of Canal Street, close to the disaster site, were hardest hit. Twenty percent displayed symptoms of PTSD, a rate three times higher than elsewhere in Manhattan. Those who had panic attacks after the attacks were also more likely to display symptoms.
Vastag B. PTSD and Depression in NYC. JAMA. 2002;287(15):1930. doi:10.1001/jama.287.15.1930-JHA20004-4-1