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Letters
September 2, 2009

Antiphospholipid Syndrome, Microalbuminuria, and Risk of Venous Thromboembolism—Reply

JAMA. 2009;302(9):945-946. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1241

In Reply: Mr Musallam and colleagues suggest that the association between microalbuminuria and VTE that we reported could have been confounded since adjustment for the presence of APS or high titers of aPLs was not performed. Antiphospholipid antibodies include lupus anticoagulants and anticardiolipin antibodies, among others. Lupus anticoagulants strongly correlate with VTE, whereas the association between anticardiolipin antibodies and VTE is disputed.1

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