Harriet S.MeyerMD, Contributing EditorDavid H.MorseMS, Journal Review EditorRobertHoganMD, adviser for new media
In the United States the costs of science are shared by the American people and the scientific enterprise (consisting of researchers, their institutions, and their interest groups) through an implicit social contract. This agreement provides various benefits, such as military security, better health, and economic prosperity, in exchange for public support of science. This social contract is operationalized when elected officials allocate funding to governmental organizations, such as the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Energy, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, which then pass the money on to scientists and their institutions primarily in the form of research grants or contracts.
Science, Money, PoliticsScience, Money, and Politics: Political Triumph and Ethical Erosion. JAMA. 2002;288(17):2183-2184. doi:10.1001/jama.288.17.2183-JBK1106-2-1