Harriet S.MeyerMD, Contributing EditorDavid H.MorseMS, Journal Review EditorRobertHoganMD, adviser for new media
During World War II and the Cold War that followed, the US government conducted a comprehensive radiological research program involving many federal agencies and departments. A large number of these studies involved human subjects. Human radiation research during World War II focused on studies to evaluate the behavior and effects of such radioactive materials as uranium and plutonium, which were important in the development of nuclear weapons. After the war, the US government expanded its radiological research efforts to include human research programs sponsored by the Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, and the Atomic Energy Commission (predecessor of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Energy).
RadiationThe Treatment: The Story of Those Who Died in the Cincinnati Radiation Tests. JAMA. 2002;288(5):643-644. doi:10.1001/jama.288.5.643-JBK0807-3-1