As the editors of Innovations in Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery state in their preface, plastic surgery is a relatively nascent discipline, one that initially grew out of efforts to address some of the devastating injuries of World War I. Formal training was not established until after World War II, and the discipline did not reach maturity until formal residency programs were established in the 1960s. The field has always relied to an unusual degree on innovation, lacking an anatomical region or organ system that it can call its own. The inspiration for this book came out of a 2007 international congress in Berlin, and the book has a uniquely international perspective, with 58 contributing chapters by 120 authors from Europe, South America, and Asia as well has a handful (8 chapters) from the United States.
Mustoe TA. Innovations in Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery. JAMA. 2009;302(14):1593-1598. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1470