Vaccinating all children in sub-Saharan Africa against some bacterial infections could substantially improve the survival of children with sickle cell anemia, according to a new study by researchers in Kenya, England, Ghana, and Tanzania (Williams TN et al. Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61374-X [published online ahead of print September 9, 2009]).
Each year, an estimated 200 000 children in Africa are born with sickle cell anemia, and more than 90% die before the disease is diagnosed.
Stephenson J. Reducing Sickle Cell Deaths. JAMA. 2009;302(15):1640. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1528