Phidias, a Greek sculptor, painter, and architect who lived from about 480 to 430 BCE, built gold and ivory statues of gods and goddesses and designed the temple of Athena known as the Parthenon. All of his sculptures have been lost or destroyed, but Roman sculptors made copies of many of his works, and in these copies his style has endured. His gods in human form were anatomically accurate, their posture and expressiveness restrained and harmonious. The art of Phidias, prized by the Romans, almost forgotten during the European Dark Ages, and rediscovered in the Renaissance, has been recognized for centuries as the classical style of Western art.
Cole TB. Study for Phidias in the Apotheosis of Homer. JAMA. 2010;303(1):13. doi:10.1001/jama.303.1.jcs90032