Although pediatric sleep disorders are common, with an estimated prevalence of 25% to 40%, they are underdiagnosed in the general population. This was the finding of a recent study in which the medical charts of 154 957 children in suburban Philadelphia were reviewed, revealing that only 3.7% of them included mention of any type of sleep disorder.1 With a large body of evidence linking pediatric sleep disorders to physical illness and behavioral, cognitive, and developmental impairment, as well as an increasing awareness of the important role of sleep in promoting good daytime function and overall health, one can appreciate the importance of evaluating, diagnosing, and treating sleep disorders in children.
Rosen D. A Clinical Guide to Pediatric Sleep: Diagnosis and Management of Sleep Problems. JAMA. 2010;303(14):1427-1431. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.419