July 7, 2010

Cardiopulmonary ResuscitationCelebration and Challenges

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: King County Emergency Medical Services Division, Public Health, Seattle and King County (Dr Eisenberg); Departments of Medicine (Drs Eisenberg and Psaty), Epidemiology (Dr Psaty), and Health Services (Dr Psaty), University of Washington, Seattle; and Group Health Research Institute, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, Washington (Dr Psaty).

JAMA. 2010;304(1):87-88. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.898

This year marks the 50th anniversary of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In the July 9, 1960, issue of JAMA, Kouwenhoven et al1 reported the results of chest compressions performed on 20 hospitalized patients who had developed sudden, unexpected cardiac arrest. Using their newly discovered technique of closed chest compression, they successfully resuscitated 14 of the 20 patients. The authors write in their article: “Anyone, anywhere, can now initiate cardiac resuscitative procedures. All that is needed is two hands.”1 Two months later at the annual meeting of the Maryland Medical Society, Kouwenhoven and Jude demonstrated the technique of chest compression and Peter Safar, MD, shared his data supporting the benefit of mouth-to-mouth ventilation. The 2 techniques were combined at that meeting, and modern CPR was born.

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