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The World in Medicine
August 4, 2010

Violence and HIV

JAMA. 2010;304(5):513. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.1044

Having a violent male partner or little power in a relationship with a man increases the risk of acquiring HIV infection for women living in rural South Africa, according to a study by researchers in South Africa and the United States (Jewkes RK et al. Lancet.10.1016/50140-6736(10)60548 [published online June 16, 2010]).

The study of 1099 women who were HIV negative at baseline and had at least 1 additional HIV test in the following 2 years found that an estimated 12% of new HIV infections could be prevented if women did not experience more than 1 episode of physical or sexual partner violence. In addition, nearly 14% of new infections could be prevented if women were not in relationships in which they had low power compared with male partners.

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