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JAMA 100 Years Ago
September 1, 2010

Florence Nightingale

JAMA. 2010;304(9):1018. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.1079

MEDICAL NEWS

LONDON LETTER
(From Our Regular Correspondent)—LONDON, Aug. 20, 1910.

On August 13, Florence Nightingale, the pioneer of scientific nursing and one of the heroines of British history, died in her ninety-first year. She was the daughter of a country gentleman of considerable wealth. Even when a child she showed extremely strong sympathies, quick apprehension and excellent judgment, and at the same time was the consoler and benefactress of all the villagers on her father's estate. She was carefully educated in classics, mathematics, and modern languages. She visited the hospitals in London, Dublin, and Edinburgh, and many country hospitals, as well as naval and military ones. She studied nursing on the continent at Paris under the Socurs de Charité and at the Institute of Protestant Deaconesses at Kaiserwerth on the Rhine. On returning to England, she was appealed to on behalf of the Home for Sick Governesses, in London, which was languishing for want of support as well as management. She took over its control and devoted to it time, energy, and fortune, and re-established it on a sound basis. Thus unconsciously she spent 10 years in preparing for the great event of her life.

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