Over the past few decades, numerous discoveries and advances ranging from single-channel recordings to transcranial magnetic stimulation have improved understanding of the brain, arguably the last great frontier in human physiology. Despite these many advances, relatively little progress has been made toward the holy grail of neuroscience, ie, to bridge the gap between a mechanistic understanding of neuronal function and synaptic networks on one hand and a hypothesis-based, experimentally testable framework that might elucidate how perception, ideas, and consciousness are formed within the mind on the other. In Brain, Mind and the Structure of Reality, eminent neuroscientist and biomedical engineer Paul Nunez provides 2 distinct hypotheses for the origins of consciousness.
Molitor SC. Brain, Mind and the Structure of Reality. JAMA. 2010;304(19):2183. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.1680