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News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
May 14, 2014

More Cautious Antibiotic Use Needed to Cut Children’s C difficile Risk

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Copyright 2014 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.

JAMA. 2014;311(18):1849. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.3543

A large, population-based surveillance study of Clostridium difficile infection in children and teens carries an important message for clinicians: prescribing antibiotics, often inappropriately, for common conditions such as otitis media may increase young patients’ risk of infection with C difficile.

The investigators noted that the incidence of C difficile infection among hospitalized children has increased since 1997, but they wanted to know more about community-acquired infections and the role that antibiotics may play in increasing risk among the general pediatric population.

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