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Global Health
May 21, 2014

Cancer in China, India, and Russia

JAMA. 2014;311(19):1958. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.5398

Cancer is an increasing health issue in China, India, and Russia, with cancer incidence rising swiftly and cancer mortality rates twice as high as those in the United States. An international group of researchers examined the status of overall health care and cancer control for these 3 countries and outlined challenges to improving cancer control (Goss PE et al. Lancet Oncol. 2014;15:489-538).

China, India, and Russia all have aging populations, growing economies, increasingly Western lifestyles, and substantial environmental contamination—factors associated with a rise in cancer incidence. The analysis identifies several common threads that stand out in all 3 countries—including lack of adequate cancer data and disparities in access to cancer care (usually between rich and poor populations and urban and rural ones)—as well as specific issues and obstacles relevant to each country.

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