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The Cover
July 8, 1998


JAMA. 1998;280(2):112. doi:10.1001/jama.280.2.112

While not one of the founding members of Die Brücke (JAMA cover, May 13, 1998), Max Pechstein (1881-1955) was an early member and the first to have had any formal training in painting. The four founders—Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff—were all young architectural students who, at most, had had only a few private lessons in drawing; Pechstein, on the other hand, had been studying at the Kunstakademie in Dresden for some six years, four of them with the painter Otto Gussmann, when Heckel invited him to join the group in 1906. In 1908 Pechstein relocated to Berlin, but by 1911 the other members had joined him there. The association had already started to cool, however. In 1912, Pechstein was expelled from Die Brücke for exhibiting with the very conservative Berlin Secession without the group's permission. Die Brücke itself was disbanded only a year later because of internal disagreements, mainly having to do with the role Kirchner, its self-appointed historian, gave himself in the account of its history.

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