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Individuals who are at high risk of infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) should be screened, according to a new recommendation from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (LeFevre ML et al. Ann Intern Med. doi:10.7326/M14-1018 [published online May 27, 2014]). High-risk groups include those born in foreign countries with a high rate of HBV infection, household contacts of those with the infection, injection drug users, patients with HIV/AIDS, and men who have sex with men.
Kuehn BM. Task Force Recommends Screening High-Risk Individuals for Hepatitis B Infection. JAMA. 2014;311(23):2370. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.7129