Rotavirus vaccination continues to reap dividends, with fewer US children hospitalized for diarrheal illness through 2011, according to an analysis published in the journal Pediatrics. (Leshem E et al. Pediatrics. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-3849 [published online June 9, 2014]).
In 2006, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices first recommended vaccination of US infants, with a pentavalent rotavirus vaccine. Before then, severe gastrointestinal illnesses caused by rotavirus infections sent between 55 000 and 70 000 children to the hospital each year, resulting in up to 60 deaths. A monovalent vaccine was added to the recommended vaccines list in 2008.
Kuehn BM. High Rotavirus Vaccination Rates Continue to Pay Off. JAMA. 2014;312(1):18. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.7939