Strategies to promote HIV testing and counseling by clinicians for older children in Zimbabwe are outlined in a study by researchers from the United Kingdom and Zimbabwe (Kranzer K et al. PLoS Med. 2014;11:e1001649). A high percentage of such children are otherwise healthy but have HIV infection that remains undiagnosed until presentation with advanced disease.
Despite efforts to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission, more than 3 million children around the world are thought to be infected with HIV, most of whom live in sub-Saharan Africa. Approaches to promote early detection, before development of advanced disease, are needed so that children can benefit from treatment.
Friedrich MJ. Promoting HIV Testing in Older Children. JAMA. 2014;312(3):222. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.8665