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Global Health
July 16, 2014

Promoting HIV Testing in Older Children

JAMA. 2014;312(3):222. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.8665

Strategies to promote HIV testing and counseling by clinicians for older children in Zimbabwe are outlined in a study by researchers from the United Kingdom and Zimbabwe (Kranzer K et al. PLoS Med. 2014;11[5]:e1001649). A high percentage of such children are otherwise healthy but have HIV infection that remains undiagnosed until presentation with advanced disease.

Despite efforts to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission, more than 3 million children around the world are thought to be infected with HIV, most of whom live in sub-Saharan Africa. Approaches to promote early detection, before development of advanced disease, are needed so that children can benefit from treatment.

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