Researchers in the United Kingdom warn that patients who inject illicit drugs and present with sepsis, soft-tissue infection, or multiorgan failure may have contracted a novel type of anthrax from contaminated heroin.
The new form of anthrax emerged during an outbreak during 2009 to 2010 in Scotland and another in 2012 to 2013 in northern Europe and Germany. Health officials reported 53 cases, including 17 deaths, in the first outbreak. Fourteen cases, including 5 deaths, were reported in the second outbreak.
Heroin Use Leads to Anthrax. JAMA. 2014;312(6):590. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.9323