African American adolescent girls had fewer chlamydial and gonococcal infections and safer sex over 3 years while receiving 18 telephone counseling sessions that reinforced an initial behavioral intervention to prevent sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV, reported investigators for a randomized trial (DiClemente R et al. JAMA Pediatr. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1436 [published online August 25, 2014]).
All 701 study participants, aged 14 to 20 years, attended HORIZONS, an evidence-based STI/HIV prevention program for African American adolescent girls. After completing the program, the experimental group received a prevention maintenance intervention consisting of 10-minute telephone counseling sessions every 8 weeks over 36 months. Counselors identified a participant’s STI/HIV risk factors and reinforced prevention strategies. Participants in the comparison group received placebo telephone counseling promoting good health and overcoming obstacles to achieving nutrition and physical activity goals.
Slomski A. Telephone Counseling May Sustain Safer Sex Practices in Teenaged Girls. JAMA. 2014;312(16):1624. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.13121