Harriet S.MeyerMD, Contributing EditorJonathan D.EldredgeMLS, PhD, Journal Review EditorRobertHoganMD, adviser for new media
Against the Odds is a historical account of the education and service of black American doctors in the United States primarily between 1896 and 1965. Its title explains the recurring theme in the history of black doctors and the provision of health care for black Americans after slavery. There were many brave black and white Americans who saw the need for medicine in the segregated black American community and went against some terrific odds to provide it. The treatment of doctors was not different from the treatment of all blacks during the long era of segregated laws.
Black DoctorsAgainst the Odds: Blacks in the Profession of Medicine in the United States. JAMA. 1999;282(13):1293. doi:10.1001/jama.282.13.1293