Between 1852 and 1855, the American genre painter George Caleb Bingham
(1811-1879) completed three paintings on the subject of American politics.
Of similar format and size, palette and composition, their unity is enhanced
by the appearance of many of the same figures, the same general locale, related
activities, and a time lapse of a few months. Known collectively as "The Election
Series," the work is a triptych of the religion of American politics as it
was practiced in the 19th century. The triptych shows the public listening
to campaign speeches, casting individual ballots, and gathering to hear the
results. In logical order, though not in the order in which they were painted,
the individual works are titled Stump Speaking (or The Country Canvass) (1853-1854)
(cover), The County Election (1852)
and The Verdict of the People (1854-1855)
(bottom). The County Election and The Verdict of the People are discussed in the November
4, 1998, and November 25, 1998, issues of THE JOURNAL, respectively.
Southgate MT. Stump Speaking. JAMA. 1999;282(14):1311. doi:10.1001/jama.282.14.1311