The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate,
MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
He is an American artist who spent well over half—nearly 50 years—of
his long life painting and drawing in Germany. For 14 of those years, he was
one of the leaders of the Bauhaus. He exhibited with Der
Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) group in 1913 and, in 1924, along with
Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, and Alexi Jawlensky, founded Die Blauen Vier (The Blue Four). He spent much of World War I in a
detention camp near Berlin, where, he wrote to his wife, he was "driven almost
mad by the limitation of my freedom." In 1937, nearly 400 of his works were
confiscated by German authorities, and 22 of them were included in the infamous
"Degenerate Art" exhibit mounted by the Nazi government to ridicule modern
art and artists.
Southgate MT. Carnival in Arcueil. JAMA. 2000;283(9):1107. doi:10.1001/jama.283.9.1107