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JAMA 100 Years Ago
April 19, 2000

SPECIAL ARTICLE.

Author Affiliations
 

JAMA 100 Years Ago Section Editor: Jennifer Reiling, Editorial Assistant.

JAMA. 2000;283(15):1936. doi:10.1001/jama.283.15.1936

In discussing the relations of pharmacy to the medical profession as especially involved in the advertising and patronage of medical articles, a preliminary résumé of the object and purpose of the Pharmacopeia may not be out of place, since by its standard alone can the ideals of pharmacy be compared.

A brief retrospect of the history of medicine will disclose the slow growth by which uniformity in medicine has been fairly secured throughout the world, by the creation a pharmacopeias. During the Middle Ages medicine had largely lost the prestige gained by its early classic writers, such as Hippocrates, Æsclepiades, Dioscorides and Galen. The confections of Andromacchus and Damokrates, the toxicology of Mithridates, the "Quid pro Quo" of Zanensis, the "Antidotorium" of Nicolaus, had been superseded by superstition and fetichism, the "abracadabra" and "tabula smaragdina" of Hermes Trismegistus, the incantations and the amulet, until the mysticism and fanaticism of the alchemists—the philosopher's stone and the elixir vitæ—held complete sway over Europe.

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