The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate,
MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
Born in Maine, Marsden Hartley (1877-1943) had a fascination with mountains
that lasted throughout his entire life. The motif is seen again and again
throughout his work in various guises. In this, he was like Cézanne
whose persistent motif was Mont Sainte-Victoire, the mountain in whose shadow
Cézanne had been born, had lived, and had died. In 1926, Hartley's
identification with Cézanne became almost literal when he rented Maison
Maria, a former studio of Cézanne's in Aix-en-Provence and himself
began painting Mont Sainte-Victoire over and over. In one sense, the paintings
were a failure; in another, they were highly successful. They taught Hartley
that he could never become Cézanne. What he could become was Marsden
Hartley, and he did. Well past 50, he became a pioneer of modern art in America.
Southgate MT. Landscape No. 3. JAMA. 2000;284(15):1895. doi:10.1001/jama.284.15.1895