Each day an estimated 600 Americans die or sustain long-term disability from traumatic injuries. Up to 40% of the deaths could be prevented if access to well-organized systems of trauma care was uniform throughout the country. But in reality, rural regions often lack adequate coverage, while services sometimes are duplicated in urban areas.
Recently, Charles C. Branas, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania, and colleagues from Johns Hopkins University have reported on a mathematical model they developed to optimize the location of trauma centers and related resources. Called the Trauma Resource Allocation Model for Ambulances and Hospitals (TRAMAH), the model predicts where trauma centers and helicopter depots should be located to provide patients with timely access to trauma care.
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