Author Affiliation: Departments of Pediatrics and Obstetrics and Gynecology University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY.
In October 2000, the Surgeon General of the United States released the Blueprint for Action on Breastfeeding, which spells out
the strategic plan for the country to improve the percentage of women who
breastfeed and the duration of that breastfeeding.1
The health goals of the United States for 2010 include having at least 75%
of mothers leave the hospital breastfeeding and at least 50% of women breastfeeding
at 6 months and 25% at 1 year postpartum.2
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that women breastfeed exclusively
for 6 months and continue breastfeeding while adding weaning foods for at
least a year and then for as long thereafter as mother and infant wish.3 Achieving these goals has been a challenge to dedicated
health care professionals. Although all of the proclamations are defended
with extensive bibliographies, there are the lingering concerns that some
of the studies were observational and not randomized or included only a small
series of mothers and infants.
Lawrence RA. Breastfeeding in Belarus. JAMA. 2001;285(4):463-464. doi:10.1001/jama.285.4.463