The JAMA theme issue on cardiovascular disease (CVD) recognizes the progress made in CVD but also acknowledges the challenges that remain. On the positive side, from 2000 to 2010 age-adjusted death rates attributable to overall CVD in the United States declined by more than 30%. Yet CVD continued to account for a third (787 650) of the 2.5 million deaths in the United States per year, an average of 1 death every 40 seconds.1 Worldwide, the picture is more concerning. The incidence of CVD is increasing rapidly in low- or-moderate income countries, and according to current World Health Organization statistics, ischemic heart disease and stroke were the number 1 and number 2 leading causes of death in the world in 2012.2 With renewed interest in noncommunicable diseases, there has been greater focus on CVD.
Greenland P, Peterson ED, Gaziano JM. Progress Against Cardiovascular DiseasePutting the Pieces Together. JAMA. 2014;312(19):1979-1980. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.15554