The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate,
MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
When Joseph Whiting Stock (1815-1855) died of tuberculosis on June 28,
1855, in Springfield, Massachusetts, he was 40 years old and one of America's
most prolific primitive artists. His records contain the names, subjects,
dimensions, and prices for more than 900 paintings he completed between 1832
and 1846. More than 100 additional paintings remained in his studio after
his death. Most were portraits, half-length for adults, full-length for children,
but there were also a number of landscapes and miniatures, most of the latter
group, however, lost or whereabouts otherwise unknown. Since age 11, following
an accident, Stock had been a paraplegic. From the time of the accident until
he was 19, he had been unable to sit, lying "almost constantly in one position,"
according to his physician, his knees "bent at acute angles"; he "had not
stirred from his room for several years."
Southgate MT. Baby in Wicker Basket. JAMA. 2001;285(22):2827. doi:10.1001/jama.285.22.2827