The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate,
MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
His name was Amadeo de Souza Cardoso (1887-1918), but he preferred to
be called simply "Amadeo," perhaps in tribute to his close friend, the Italian
painter Amedeo Modigliani (JAMA cover, December 22/29, 1999). He himself
was Portuguese, born in Manhufe, on the 14th of November, 1887. He moved to
Paris when he was 18, in 1906, the same year Cézanne died and it was
there that he met Modigliani, also newly arrived in Paris from his native
Amadeo de Souza Cardoso's early works were landscapes, small in size,
but after 1912 he adopted the Cubist style; unlike those of Braque and Picasso,
however, Amadeo's paintings were colorful. In Paris Amadeo also met the Delaunays,
Robert and Sonia, and it was under their influence that color had begun to
dominate his work. Even when, in the summer of 1914, he returned to landscape
painting, color remained predominant over form. In 1913 several of Amadeo's
works were exhibited in the United States as part of the Armory show.
Southgate MT. The Stronghold. JAMA. 2001;286(15):1808. doi:10.1001/jama.286.15.1808